1924 First Graduating ClassMary A RossRuth DemeriaWinnifred Francis1925Miss HambridgeMiss Jessie HastieMiss StevensonMiss Margaret Grey1926Miss M johnsonMiss M MacleanMiss T ThomsonMiss G MartinMiss E WighamMiss B Meilejohn1927Kriatbjorg FryskdalEvelyn BruceCora NixonAgnes LantuedLilian PinkneyAnnie WeirEleanor SteeleGertrude NorburnMary McAdie
In MemoriamTo the Family and Friends of the Selkirk Mental Health Centre Staff and Alumni who have passed.
2012Robert West, Dietary DepartmentRichard Fredrick Lloyd Norton - Nursing FacultyEmily Thomas - Housekeeping StaffRoger Dyck - Laboratory TechnicianRoman Naumiuk - Recreation / Occupational TherapyDr. John Robert Biberdorf - PsychologistErika Jensen - Nursing Alumna1957Monica Irene Kew, Social Work DepartmentMargaret Lois Cooke, Nursing Alumna 1953George Light, Nursing Alumnus 1953Francis Cromarty - HCA1987Margaret Burzuik-Lee, (nee Macrae), nursing staffErnest Joseph Daniels Sr. - HCAClaudia Sitka - Catering StaffIna Lena Dubeski - HCAViolet Christenia Sophia McLeod - HCARalph McFadyen - Nursing Alumnus 1965Mary Helen Wallis - HCAJohn Bale - Nursing Alumnus 1976 Darrell Wade E J Obirek - Valerie Helen Goodman - 2013Lucy Cunningham, Nursing Alumna 1965Lorne Stefanson, Nursing Alumnus1957Hildegard Schultheiss, Kitchen StaffMargaret Lillequist, nee Moar - HCAMariua Pohorily, nee Rauber - Sewing Room SMHCAnna Margaret Thorsteinson - HCAJean Drobot - HCAMary Patricia Master, nee McNamara - SMHC Medical SecretaryPamela Geach - HCAMargaret Solar - Nursing Alumna 1950 - Nursing FacultyThelma Florence Land, nee Serson - HCALuella E Nichol - 2014Anna Tarnopolski, Psychiatric Nursing AssistantJohn Kolks, Nursing Alumnus Class of 1956John Robert Burns, Faculty, former Director of Nursing,1960-1972David K Bell, Nursing Alumnus 1982Grace May Armstrong - HCAJeff Scott Runolfson - SMHC SecurityRoswitha Boer - Nursing Alumna 1980Jean Margaret Olson / Vinnie - Occupational Therapy DepartmentBarry Linklater, Nursing Alumnus 19602015John William (Bill) Leyland, Nursing Alumnus1966Kenneth William Nattrass - former CEO SHMCEdward David - Graduate Nursing StaffArthur Hein - Farm Services SMHCMary Kirner - Nursing Alumna 1952Edward David Hotchkiss - Graduate Nursing StaffKatherine Gower, nee Moroz - Nursing Alumna 1957Ruth Leyland, nee Steeves - Nursing Alumna 1967Geradus Josephus (George) Van Aert - SMHC Farm WorkerJean Sutherland - Stephanie Zyblock, nee Yaremkewicz - HCAAlberdina Anderson, nee Dien - Linen ServicesMarguerita Dancho, nee Katazinski - HCAPatricia Hubick - Medical Secretary and member SMHC Archives CommitteeGilioa Fabiani, Nursing Alumna 1967
In MemoriamTo the Family and Friends of the Selkirk Mental Health Centre Staff and Alumni who have passed.
2016Gilles Leon Perreaux - Nursing Alumnus 1972Irene Talman - Nursing Alumna 1979Dorothy May Stewart, nee Atkinson - HCAMary Chymy - Housekeeping StaffTracy Jakobson - Manager Information ServicesKenneth Earl Fey - Building/EngineeringErnest Beck - SMHC farm staffSykvia Wur, nee Walker - Nursing Alumna 1950Kim Hubick - OT Dept; Archives Committee finance officerLorna Rose Thomas, nee Gorse - Nursing Student 1952Alfreda Ann Berthelette, nee Patterson - Alumna 1966Gladys Hrabi, nee Seeley - Alumna 19582017Joan McLeod, nee Richardson - Alumna 1961Theresa (Terry) Ann Hamin, nee Yourchuk - Alumna 1953Olga Zalubniak - Psychiatric HCANancy Patricia Shellrude - Adult EducatorBeverly Ann Cox, nee Holliday - Alumna 1961Evelyn Hauser, nee Flamont - Alumna 1951Patricia Kuzak, nee Anderson - Alumna 1957Dr. Jelisaveta B Hollo - Staff Psychiatrist, 1960 to 1988Emily Regnheidur Hendry - HCAKenneth Albert Inman - HCANorman Stewart Hacking - SMHC Farm WorkerPhyllis Bergmann - Medical Records ManagerIrene Elizabeth Tillet - HCACynthia Ann Densley, nee Morrison - HCAGloria Smith, nee Polenski - HCAPhyllis Bergman - HCARoy Brown - Nursing Educator; Faculty 1964-19662018Cheryl Lynn Moore, nee McKenzie - RNGeorge Bergman, HCAJulianne Margaret Kuzniak, nee Hacking - HCA
Main Building 1925
Nurses Residence & School of Nursing 1945
Reception Building 1940
Founding President of the Registered Psychiatric Nurses Association of Manitoba.Alf was born in Merthyr Tidfyl, Wales, on March 1, 1908. He first came to Canada alone, at the age of 16 in 1924, under the auspices of the Salvation Army. He worked his way across Ontario and Manitoba doing a great variety of jobs, including positions with the Merchant Marine and at Kingston Mental Hospital - an experience that would change his life forever. After his active service with the Royal Canadian Navy, he resumed his psychiatric nursing career at the Selkirk Mental Health Centre, a position he held from 1935 until his retirement in 1973.His one big concern was to see the field of psychiatric nursing given its proper place. Alf pushed for lectures and training for men as well as women and was one of the five men who graduated in 1952; their first class of males in Selkirk. The story goes like this. Following the war Alf had met a man who was a member of the British Columbia Psychiatric Nurses Association so “Why not Manitoba?” became his theme song for years as he promoted interest in Manitoba’s three psychiatric hospitals, making motorcycle trips to Portage La Prairie and Brandon. In the final stages, in a borrowed car, he took others from Selkirk, including the late Henriette Fedorchuk, who acted as secretary, to meet with delegates from Portage and Brandon in Portage La Prairie. He did this for 27 Sundays in a row, when Sunday was his only day off and during the long cold winter.In 1998, for Alf’s 90th birthday, the Registered Psychiatric Nurses Foundation Inc established the “Alf Barnett Scholarship” which provides funding for a RPN pursuing graduate or post-graduate education. In the 14 years following his retirement, he became the first permanent superintendent of St. Clements Anglican Churchyard.Alf married Myrtle (Goldstone) on September 23, 1939, at Old St. Andrews Church, and they lived in Selkirk.
Alfred Barnett, RPN
He was a founding member of the Cambrian Credit Union (Selkirk), a founder, planner and director of Tudor House Personal Care Home, founding president of the Registered Psychiatric Nursing Association of Manitoba, and one of the founders of the Selkirk Row-A-Lung.He was also involved in many other community organizations including Christ Church Anglican, the Manitoba Housing and Renewal Corporation Board, the Association for Community Living, Male Voice Choir, Selkirk Glee Club and Selkirk Seniors Harmonicats Band. In his years of good health, Alf enjoyed bowling, playing the harmonica, square dancing, and was a Blue Bomber season ticket holder. Alf was a kind, hard working, dedicated and understanding man. It came naturally to Alf to anticipate whatever was needed to be done and he was never afraid of the hard work required to get it done. He did not like receiving anything unless he had worked for it. He gave of himself, and his service was always above and beyond the call of duty.In 1999, Myrtle wrote the following: “Through Alf’s six years of a gradual dementia, I have entertained a lot because of his love of people. He loved to tell and repeat so many of his favourite experiences but gradually the number he remembered were fewer, and then suddenly, all gone.”The profession of Psychiatric Nursing in Manitoba owes much to the vision and courage which Alf had and to the ongoing support and encourage which Myrtle gave him and his colleagues. Alf saw the Psychiatric Nurses Association of Manitoba receive royal assent in 1960 to become the Registered Psychiatric Nurses Association. Alf was a leader and all of us have benefited from his legacy.On November 27th, 2009, The Selkirk Psychiatric Institute (SPI) became the “Alf Barnett Building” (ABB) as a tribute to his memory and contributions to the profession.
Mary Alberta Hornibrookewas the last person to hold the unique position of Matron at the Selkirk Mental Health Centre.Miss Mary Alberta Hornibrook, (RN graduate of the Montreal General Hospital), arrived at the hospital in 1946 and retired twenty-one years later in December 1967 from the position of Associate Director of Rehabilitation.She arrived at was then called the Selkirk Mental Hospital which had over 1200 patients. Miss Hornibrooke functioned as the head of the female nursing services as well as that of the nurse training school. During her time at the hospital she not only witnessed the advent of Electric Shock Therapy which was introduced in the early 1940s, but also witnessed the hospital performing leucotomies in the Infirmary Building operating suite in the 1950s.In the 1940s male attendants, with Miss Hornibrooke’s instigation, were permitted to join the nursing lectures with the female nursing staff. By the end of the 1950s, both groups of staff graduated together as psychiatric nurses.Although short in stature and kind in disposition she was a mighty atom who played a important role in the development of psychiatric nursing in Manitoba. Mary Alberta Hornibrooke whom prior to her death in April 1982, returned to the Centre for special events where she always received a warm welcome.
John immigrated to Canada from England where he had qualified as a SRN and RMN and began working at the Selkirk Mental Health Centre’s School of Psychiatric Nursing in 1957.In 1958 he moved to Winnipeg to work as a nursing Instructor (Mental Health) at the Misericordia Hospital School of Nursing.In 1962 John moved to Saskatoon to study for his Diploma in Nurse Teaching and in 1963 returned to the School of Psychiatric Nursing at Selkirk. He taught anatomy and physiology to the first year students in 1963 as well as psychiatric nursing and was the appointed Instructor in psychiatric nursing for general nursing students affiliated to the Centre from the St Boniface Hospital School of Nursing.John was very active in the formation of the former Registered Psychiatric Nurses Association of Manitoba, now the College of Registered Psychiatric Nurses Manitoba, and served as the second President of the Association from 1966 to 1971.He also served as the Chair of the Psychiatric Nursing Education Committee of Canada and in 1981 John was awarded a lifetime membership to the Registered Psychiatric Nurses Association of Manitoba. Not only was John the founding board member of Tudor House Personal Care Home on which he stamped his philosophy for personal care he also served from 1989 to 1991 as a member of the Board of Trustees for the Selkirk and District General Hospital. John died in September 2005 and much of his nursing legacy still exists. Psychiatric nursing today is enriched by his perspicacity and tenacity for raising the professional status and independence of psychiatric nursing education.
John Martyniw, RN, RPN
Dr Edward Johnson, MD
Doctor Edward Johnson, MD, graduated from the Manitoba School of Medicine in 1928.He joined the staff of SMHC as a psychiatrist in 1928 and completed post-graduate studies in psychiatry at the Harvard University in Boston and the John Hopkins Clinic in Baltimore.He was initially the Assistant Medical Superintendent and eventually appointed Superintendent of the Institution in 1943; a position he held until 1959 when he was appointed Provincial Psychiatrist for Manitoba. In 1953 Doctor Johnson was awarded by the American Psychiatric Association a special merit for administration. Under Dr Johnson’s guidance, the SMHC received the first ever award granted by the American Psychiatric Association for the advancement of care and treatment of patients in mental hospitals.Dr Johnson was also the pioneer of the open ward policy. It is interesting to note that in 1939, Dr Johnson wrote a paper for the Canadian Medical Journal highlighting the tremendous benefits for Insulin Shock Treatment for Schizophrenic patients. This paper can be read on the Archive web site under “articles & links. From 1958 to 1959 he served as President for the Manitoba Medical Association.During his stay at Selkirk he was an active Rotarian, he bowled, took figure skating lessons and along with his wife Eleanor was a member of a square dance club.Over the years, his droll sense of humour served him well. At the age of ninety-two he was admitted to the hospital with a suspected hip fracture. Eleanor, his wife of sixty years sat at his bedside while the students assessed his “mental acuity.” He answered all their questions, then, aware that his wife was without her hearing aid, responded “I never saw her before in my life,” to the final question as to his knowledge of who she was.After a long and distinguished career Dr Johnson retired in 1967, worked in private practice in Winnipeg and died in October 1994 at age 92 years.As a note of interest; Dr. Mary Anne Johnson, the niece of Dr. Johnson, is continuing in the family footsteps and works at SMHC as a psychologist.
Gerald Pronyk, graduated from Selkirk Mental Health Centre (SMHC) in 1964. He went on to obtain his nursing degree from the University of Saskatchewan. In 1968, Gerald returned to SMHC where he worked as the Education Director of the School of Psychiatric Nursing until 1972, and as the Senior Nursing Administrative Officer from 1972 until 1991.Gerald was a major proponent for professionalizing psychiatric nursing education. He worked to transform a three year service orientated psychiatric nursing program into a rigorous two year degree program with the University of Winnipeg. Further consolidation of three diploma programs in the late 80’s and early 90’s led to the Baccalaureate Program in Psychiatric Nursing at Brandon University.Gerald also played an active role in enhancing facility-based standards for mental health care across Canada through twenty five years of participation in the Canadian Council on Health Services Accreditation. This involved pioneering work in developing minimum standards and key competencies for care facilities in mental health, long term care, acute care, ambulatory care, community mental health, forensic services, prisons, addictions and other special care facilities.Between 1991 and 2005 he worked to strengthen provincial mental health services with the Manitoba Health Department. Major areas of focus included the provision of high quality mental health services as close to a person’s residence as possible; the construction and implementation of acute care mental health facilities and programs in each of Brandon, Dauphin, The Pas, Portage La Prairie and Thompson; implementing new Forensic Services at SMHC, and; in partnership with Justice, Family Services, Correction Service Canada and Canadian Mental Health Association, developing case management programs for high risk individuals in the community.Gerald is currently retired in Winnipeg, and remains active on the Boards of St Joseph’s Residence, Rossbrook House, the Catholic Foundation of Manitoba, and the Knights of Columbus. He and his wife Lydia have also become fervent travellers with recent trips to Africa, Asia, Eastern Europe and South America.
Alice Ann Inniss, nee Maryniewicz, is a SMHC Alumna of 1965. Alice also graduated from the Miisericordia School of Nursing in 1974. In 1984, she obtained a Certificate in Infection Control in Health Care from the University of Manitoba and a Certificate in Adult Education from Red River College in 1986.As a member of the Workplace Health and Safety Committee, Alice participated in the development of practices that enhanced the health and safety of staff and patients. She participated in the annual fire safety officer inspections and on a daily basis followed up on reported injuries and incidents to determine ways to prevent their reoccurrence.Alice retired in 2002 and currently resides in Selkirk with her husband Ken, also a RPN Alumnus 1963 from SMHC. Alice became a licensed lay reader in the Anglican Church in 1985 and continues to be actively involved with her church in this role as well as being a member of various committees.Alice and Ken are proud grandparents of two and enjoy spending time with their grandchildren who live in British Columbia.Alice began her nursing career on the ward for the elderly with mental illness and attained in 1970 the position of Head Nurse.From 1971 to 1980, Alice taught in the SMHC School of Psychiatric Nursing teaching basic nursing skills to first year students and assisting the medical / surgical instructors in the classroom and clinical areas. During this time she took on the responsibilities ff Health Nurse for all the student nurses.In 1980, Alice assumed the first full time position of Staff Health and Infection Control for the Selkirk Mental Health Centre. As a member of the multi-disciplinary infection control committee, she played a major role in developing infection control procedures and practices for the Centre with the aim to reduce the spread of infection.These practices were incorporated into the in-service education program that was offered annually to all staff. Alice was a resource to all disciplines in establishing and implementing infection control practices as a level acceptable to the Canadian Council on Health Services Accreditation.Alice was available to employees for personal counselling and as a resource for referrals to other health care professionals and employee assistance programs.
Alice Inniss, RPN, RN
Annette Osted, an alumna from SMHC in 1967, retired from her position as Executive Director of the College of Registered Psychiatric Nurses of Manitoba; a position she held for over 35 years. Annette was the first Executive Director appointed by what was then called the Registered Psychiatric Nurses Association.Annette has been a tireless contributor to the profession of psychiatric nursing and has lead the development and growth of the profession at local, provincial and international levels. Annette became a recognized voice for psychiatric nursing in Canada and frequently her adept ability to navigate and negotiate the complex Government committee structures with her usual skill, knowledge and competence.Annette played an invaluable role for leading the College not only for future developments but also to ensure the enhancement of psychiatric nursing by advocating for the establishment of the Bachelor of Science in Mental Health 1986, the Bachelor of Science in Psychiatric Nursing 1995 and the Master’s Degree in Psychiatric Nursing that commenced in January 2011 at Brandon university.In 2004, Annette was the first Manitoba recipient of the Registered Psychiatric of Canada award for professional leadership.Annette has stipulated that the practice of delivering psychiatric nursing care involves a capacity not only to participate actively in care provisions but also to accept responsibility for the effective and efficient management of that care, practised within a safe environment. A key role was her assisting and guiding the College to set practice and competency standards for entry to the register and, therefore, for entry into employment into Manitoba’s health care.Now retired, she is still actively involved as a Board Director with Age and Opportunity for Manitoba and is also a Director on the Board for the Manitoba Schizophrenia Society. Annette plans to continue her activities with the various non-profit organizations as well as fulfilling her wish to travel.In June 2012, Annette was awarded a Doctorate of Laws Degree Honoris Causa by Brandon University for her contributions to psychiatric nursing.
Annette Thorimbert Osted, RPN, DSc(hc)
Lorna Weiss retired at the end of March, 2012 having spent 30 years working as a Library Technician at the Selkirk Mental Health Centre.Lorna was born and raised in Selkirk and after high school she moved to Winnipeg. After a few years working in the city she attended Red River College and graduated with a Diploma in Library Technology. Thus began her career as a Library Technician. While fresh from graduating she was hired by the Flin Flon School Division to worked at the Ruth Betts School for children ranging with ages from kindergarten to grade 9. Lorna originally planned to stay one year but said that the people were so friendly she stayed for three.When she returned to Selkirk she heard that the Selkirk Mental Health Centre was hiring and immediately applied. She was hired to work in the School of Psychiatric Nursing’s library and remained at the Centre’s library for 30 years saying that she has had a wonderful adventure. From the inception of the SMHC Archive Committee, Lorna has served most diligently as its Chairperson.Lorna says that she came to SMHC with basic beliefs and the Centre had helped her to become the person she is today She hopes to be able to give back as much as she has received from the Centre and use her skills to help where needed.On the home front, Lorna loves to read, scrapbook and collect butterfly items. She already has a book list to read and also looks forward to trying out new recipes. She loves to walk and greatly enjoys playing with her Bichon Havenese Poodle called “Jewel”.Lorna expresses her gratitude to all the people she has met over her thirty years and is grateful to them for being a part of her life.Best wishes Lorna for a very long and happy and fulfilling retirement!
John Robert (Bob) Burns, RN, RMN
John Robert (Bob) Burns arrived at the Selkirk Mental Hospital in 1960 to become the Nurse Tutor at the hospital’s School of Nursing. Bob completed his general nurse training at the prestigious Queen Elizabeth Hospital in Birmingham, UK and his psychiatric nursing at Hollymoor Psychiatric Hospital.He soon became head of the school and was the initiator of the curriculum revision which would be utilised by all the three schools of psychiatric nursing at Brandon, Portage and Selkirk. Bob also ensured that the final examination was the same for all graduates in order to obtain registration as a Psychiatric Nurse. In 1963 Bob was appointed the Director of Nursing services for the hospital. This was a new appointment as previously there was a Chief Male Nurse and a Matron. Bob’s new position consolidated the nursing services under one central control. In 1965, he was proud to be the initiator in preparing the hospital to become the first mental hospital in Canada to receive accreditation. During this time he also studied at the University of Manitoba and obtained his hospital administrator certification. In 1972 Bob took a position as Interlake Regional Director of Health and Social Development. He travelled the Interlake extensively and valued the many kindnesses extended to him by the people of the area. The last position Bob held before retiring, was Chief Program Consultant. Bob was an active member of the Kiwanis in Selkirk and in 1966 he and other members began the process of forming the Selkirk Kiwanis Pipe Band. The band played for the first time at the Canada Centennial parade in 1967.Bob also suggested and organized the Manitoba Highland Gathering where he, many staff members from the Selkirk Mental Hospital, and parents of the pipe band volunteered their help to run the Highland Gathering each year. One year after retirement, Bob took on the new challenge of becoming Director of Skills Manufacturing. He devoted his time and energy to proving that the facility could run profitably while those who had recovered from mental illness could retrain and work in the community successfully. He initiated many changes within the nursing and education services and as a consequence, not everyone was in favour of his “new broom” approach. However, he persevered and laid the foundation for many new developments including the concept of community psychiatric clinics.
Kenneth was the Chief Executive Officer SMHC.Ken attended the University of Manitoba and graduated in 1969 with an Arts Degree. He began his career at Selkirk Mental Health Centre working as a rehabilitation counsellor. Following completion of his Master Degree in Social Work he return to SMHC to become the first Community Mental Health Worker. For the next twenty years he worked mainly as a family therapist becoming Regional Manager.In 2002, Ken was employed as the Chief Executive Officer for SMHC and remained in post until his retirement in 2009. Kenneth died in 2015.
Kenneth James Nattrass
A/Director of Operations for SMHC.Bonny Wynnobel still remembers the first time she walked in the Selkirk Mental Health Centre. She was a local high school student on a class field trip and during the tour she realized she wanted to work towards a career in mental health. Bonny entered the Selkirk Mental Health Centre School of Psychiatric Nursing graduating as a Registered Psychiatric Nurse in 1979. Bonny has been at SMHC for 38 years and is the Acting Director of Operations. Bonny was recently named one of the 150 Leading Canadians in Mental Health by the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health in October 2017. In April 2017, the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health launched an across Canada call for nominations of people who have influenced change in mental health programmes. More than 3700 names were considered and out of those only 33 were successful in representing Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta. Over her span of 38 years at SMHC Bonny has helped to shape her work place. After noticing a gap in training and professional development, she became the Education Coordinator for the Centre and helped to integrate ideas around recovery and psychosocial rehabilitation into practices. Later she took on the role of Re-development Coordinator and Patient Advocate and lead numerous redevelopment projects including the input into the construction of the Tyndall Building, a 108 bed residential unit providing people with individual rooms, private bathrooms and features of natural light. Bonny says that one of the greatest changes to mental health she has noticed over the years is an orientation towards the concept of recovery. This concept is helping people to have hope and that life can continue. The recovery concept refers to living a satisfying, hopeful, and contributing life, even when a person may be experiencing ongoing symptoms of a mental health problem or illness. Recovery journeys build on individual, family, cultural, and community strengths and can be supported by many types of services, supports, and treatments; emphasizing that their illness is not their whole life. In 2017, SMHC received exemplary status, the highest level of accreditation possible for a health care centre. Bonny is always looking for ways to improve services. Bonny will retire in March 2018 but has plans to continue volunteering in the mental health field at local level.
Bonny Wynnobel, RPNSMHC graduate of 1979
PHOTO MEMORIESLooking back! How many do you remember?
Publications and Links
Frontal Lobotomy was a popular treatment in the 1940s and 1950s
Cold Baths - Treatment up to the 1960s
Typical Ward 1930s
Electro-Convulsive Therapy 1940s
Insulin Coma Therapy 1950s and 1960s
The Last Faculty Photograph 1992L-R:Dianne Gaboreau (Director); Pat Helwer; Sandy Huff (Secretary); Audrey Wasnie;Melanie Shumilak; Jeanette Warren; Ruth Enns; Richard Bartlinski (Asst Director);Christine Hoeschen; Dianne Stolar; David Ezzard.
The nurses residence and school of nursing were opened in 1926. However, in 1920, Doctor Charles Barnes organized the first nurse training program. All subjects were taught by medical staff and the Assistant Matron. At this time all students were female and required to live within the residence. Their clinical practice was supervised by senior nurses. Amongst their many duties were keeping the patients clean, dressed, assisting with their meals as well as looking after soiled linen, garbage, washing, waxing and polishing the floors. Lectures continued for two years and in the third year the student nurse was now a senior and able to take charge of the ward.Students were paid $40.00 per month. In the 1930s and 1940s, the students graduated as Psychiatric Nurses. In 1949, the first male students were allowed to take classes with the females. It was not however until the early 1950s that a nurse, Margaret Solar, was specifically appointed as a nurse teacher for the school.In 1959 the block system of training commenced. This was the first move to prevent students from attending classes after working on the wards the same day. The class of 1963 was the first to graduate under this new scheme. In 1960 the Registered Psychiatric Nurses act came into existence. A minimum number of theoretical hours was established. Also, at this time a separate nurses library came into existence emphasis within the training program was “re-motivation” of chronic patients due to the advent of psychotropic medications which made the patients more accessible to their surroundings.The commencement of the two year program in 1970 put a strictly educational focus upon the preparation of psychiatric nurses plus an affiliation with the University of Winnipeg for the teaching of biology, sociology and psychology. By 1979, course credit hours were established.In 1980 the new RPNA Act received Royal Assent which included responsibility for establishing and maintaining standards for psychiatric nursing education. However, in 1991 the Provincial budget discontinued funding for the Selkirk school and the last class to graduate was in July 1992. The preparation of psychiatric nurses was transferred to Brandon University for a 4 years undergraduate program.
Uniforms from 1920s to the 1990s.
Graduate Nurse pins. The enamel pin was introduced in the 1980s while the Silver pin was granted from the 1940s to the end of the 1970s.